BRAZILIAN NATIONAL PARKS
The Brazilian National Parks
In Brazil, the National Parks are integral protected areas, aimed at preserving natural ecosystems of great ecological relevance and scenic beauty, making possible the realization of scientific research and the development of educational activities and environmental interpretation, recreation in contact with nature and ecological tourism.
The Brazilian National Parks are the most popular and ancient category of Conservation Unit. Tijuca National Park is the most visited, with about 1.7 million visitors a year, followed by the Iguaçu National Park, with 1 million visitors.
Brazil has currently 71 National Parks, located within six biomes (Amazon, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, Pantanal, and Marine) and only 33 of them are open to visitors, with a visitation regime defined in the Management Plan of the respective unit.
All National Parks are managed by ICMBio (Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation), a federal agency linked to the Ministry of Environment.